Happy Independence Day !

I thought this would be an easy blog topic. Look at my family tree and write about a soldier that was part of the American Revolutionary War. I did a search for United States between 1775 and 1887 using the “Who Was There List” report found in RootsMagic 5. Almost all of the results that were shown were listed in Michigan.  I found a few marriages shown at Michilimackinac during the early 1700’s.  However the fort located here was under British control during the American Revolution, and was moved from Mackinaw City to become Fort Mackinac on Mackinac Island in 1780.  This move occurred because the British believed the fort was too vulnerable to American attack.  Strike 1. 

Upon further searching, I found a 3rd cousin, 7th removed, Francois Louis Picot De Beletre who was married at Fort de Chartres, Prairie du Rocher, Randolph, Illinois, United States in 1762.  Hurrah, here is my link to the Revolutionary War, I thought.  But a quick search gave this history of the Fort, found at http://www.ftdechartres.com/page/page/1396754.htm

France surrendered Illinois, along with most of its North American possessions, to Great Britain in the 1763 Treaty of Paris that ended the Seven Years’ War. British troops of the 42nd Royal Highland Regiment took possession of Fort de Chartres on October 10, 1765 in a carefully choreographed transfer ceremony.  The British made little use of their new possession, which they renamed Fort Cavendish. Military engineers attempted to control erosion caused by the Mississippi, which already threatened to swallow the south wall. But British military leaders in North America soon deemed the fort of little practical value and ordered it abandoned in 1771, ending its use as a military post.  The futility of controlling the river’s erosion of the fort was underscored in 1772, when the south wall and bastions collapsed into the Mississippi.

Strike 2. 

My last hope was among the large number of ancestors found in the Detroit area.  Fort Pontchartrain du Détroit was built in 1701 by the French.  It remained under French control until 1760, when it turned over to British control as a result of the British victory during the French and Indian War.  According to Wikipedia, “During the American Revolutionary War, Detroit was far to the west of the main area of action. The fort’s main contribution was to arm American Indian raiding parties who attacked American settlements to the southeast.  Under terms negotiated in the Jay Treaty, Fort Detroit, Fort Lernoult and the surrounding settlement was surrendered by the British to the Americans on July 11, 1796, 13 years after the Treaty of Paris ended the war and gave the area to the United States.”  All of my relatives that I have in the Detroit area are of French-Canadian origin, so I do not believe that any of them were involved in the British military efforts.  Strike 3.

So my efforts to find my Revolutionary War link has failed.  But I have learned a lot about of the some of the forts around Michigan.  So I consider this post a success.

Francois Barthelemy Leduc / Marguerite Major

Here is a look at Eugene’s Great-Grandfather.  It includes the story of how this Leduc line moved from Québec to the Detroit area, which includes the southern coast (Essex, Ontario, Canada).

8.  Francois Barthelemy Leduc

 Father:  Thomas Leduc

Mother: Marie Angélique Cuillerier

Born in 1783 in L’Île-Perrot, Québec, Canada.

 Died on 30 Apr 1862 at the age of 79 in Saint-Timothée, Québec, Canada.

According to the published genealogy  “Ancestry of William Leduc of Detroit, Michigan by His daughter Addie Leduc Morton”

Francis Barthelmy and Marguerite lived at Saint-Timothee, Québec, Canada, but moved to Detroit, Michigan, leaving on October 31, 1834 and arriving in May 1835.  They came with their six youngest children (Judith Angelique, Toussaint C, Louis, Michel, Josephine, Euphrosine) and the husband of their daughter Angelique, who had married Louis L’Arrive.  They left on two sleighs with two teams, but when they got to York, now Kingston, Canada, the snow was gone, so they stopped there, and many of them worked there for awhile and then continued on their journey, arriving in Windsor, Canada, in early 1835. Their eldest daughter Marguerite, who had married Felix Charrbonneau, also came to Detroit soon after with his family to reside in Detroit.  Their eldest son, Ambrose had married, and did not leave Canada. We do not know when or where Marguerite (Boutron) Leduc died but think while on a visit back to Canada.  Francis Barthelmy Leduc made several visits back to Canada, and died there April 30, 1862, aged 79 years.  He is buried at St. Louis, near St. Timothee, Canada.

Married to Marguerite Major on 19 Oct 1807 at Île Perrot, Québec, Canada.

9.  Marguerite Major,

 Father  Louis Boutron dit Major

 Mother Marguerite-Véronique Toupin

Born on 11 Jul 1785 in L’Assomption, Québec, Canada.

Francois Barthelemy Leduc and Marguerite Major had the following children:

            i.   Ambroise Leduc, born 2 Mar 1809, Île Perrot, Québec, Canada; married Judith Leger, 12 Feb 1833, Saint-Timothée, Québec, Canada.

           ii.   Marguerite Leduc, born 10 Dec 1810, Soulanges, Les Cedres, Québec, Canada; married Felix Charbonneau, 24 Feb 1829, Saint-Timothee, Beauharnois, Québec, Canada; died 23 Dec 1883, Detroit, Wayne, Michigan, United States.

           iii.   Judith Angelique Leduc, born 4 Mar 1813, Île Perrot, Québec, Canada; married Louis Arrivee, 27 May 1834, Saint-Timothée, Québec, Canada; died Apr 1868, Unknown.

           iv.   Toussaint C Leduc, born 14 Jan 1816, Saint-Timothée, Québec, Canada; married Adelaide Boulay, 14 Jan 1840, Detroit, Wayne, Michigan, United States; died 6 Aug 1882, Detroit, Wayne, Michigan, United States.

           v.   Louis Leduc, born 10 Sep 1818, Saint-Timothée, Québec, Canada; married Margarite St. Jean, 28 Feb 1843, Detroit, Wayne, Michigan, United States; died 25 Jul 1876, Detroit, Wayne, Michigan, United States.

           vi.   Michel Leduc, born 23 Sep 1823, Les Cèdres, Québec, Canada; married Marguerite Nantais, 23 Feb 1846, Sandwich, Essex, Ontario, Canada; died 23 Mar 1882, Windsor, Essex, Ontario, Canada.

           vii.   Josephine Leduc, born 11 Oct 1819, Soulanges, Québec, Canada; married Peter Bouteille, 12 Jan 1841, Detroit, Wayne, Michigan, United States; died 1845, Unknown.

           viii.   Euphrosine Leduc, born 1 Nov 1826, Saint-Timothee, Beauharnois, Québec, Canada; married Jean Baptiste Laurain, 11 Jan 1847, Sandwich, Essex, Ontario, Canada; died 29 Nov 1908, Detroit, Wayne, Michigan, United States.

           ix.   Anonyme Leduc was born on 24 Feb 1831 in Saint-Timothee, Beauharnois, Québec, Canada.He died on 24 Feb 1831 at the age of 0 in Saint-Timothee, Beauharnois, Québec, Canada. He was buried on 26 Feb 1831 in Saint-Timothee, Beauharnois, Québec, Canada.

Michel Leduc / Marguerite Nantais

Below is the Grandfather of Eugene Leduc, along with their children.  I will continue to post the Leduc ancestors, working my way back to France.  As always, I would love to hear from some long lost cousins.

4. Michel Leduc

Son of Francois Barthelemy Leduc and Marguerite Major

Born on 23 Sep 1823 at Saint-Joseph-de-Soulanges in Les Cèdres, Québec, Canada.

He died on 23 Mar 1882 at the age of 58 in Windsor, Essex, Ontario, Canada.

Michel was buried on 24 Mar 1882 at Saint Alphonsus Cemetery in Windsor, Essex, Ontario, Canada.

 Alt Spelling: Micheal Leduc.


Michel Leduc and Marguerite Nantais were married on 23 Feb 1846 at Assumption in Sandwich, Essex, Ontario, Canada.

They lived in Windsor, Essex, Ontario, Canada in 1861. Census Canada West Essex 578


5. Marguerite Nantais


Daughter of John Baptist Nantais and Monica Deshetres, was

Born on 2 May 1827 at Assumption in Sandwich, Essex, Ontario, Canada.3

She died on 8 Apr 1908 at the age of 80 in Hamtramack, Wayne, Michigan, United States. Obituary The Detroit Times. Note: obit shows her age as 82

Burried at Mt. Olivet Cemetery, Detroit, Wayne, Michigan, United States (Tier 7 Grave Lot 816 Sec. 6).

Funeral was from son’s residence/St. John’s Church.

[this may have been St John Berchmans-St Juliana Parish – now a closed church]


Alt Spelling: Margaret or Marie A. Nantais.3 Marguerite was also known as Nantais.


Michel Leduc and Marguerite Nantais had the following children:


i. Joseph Dauphine Leduc, born 17 Nov 1847, Detroit, Wayne, Michigan, United States; married Josephine Dupre, 1 May 1871, Pointe-Aux-Roches, Essex, Ontario, Canada; married Maggie Dightman, bet 1879 and 1887; died 9 Jul 1916, Detroit, Wayne, Michigan, United States.

ii. Louis Noah Leduc, born 23 Mar 1850, Ontario, Canada; married Rosalie Bolduc.

iii. Phyllis Leduc was born in 1852. She died in 1854 at the age of 2.

iv. Israel Jacob Leduc (Father of Eugene) , born 21 Oct 1854, Sandwich, Essex, Ontario, Canada; married Aurelia Massicot, 6 Sep 1881, Detroit, Wayne, Michigan, United States; died 11 Jun 1942, Ecorse, Wayne, Michigan, United States.

v. Ambrose N, Leduc, born 13 Sep 1857, Ontario, Canada; married Teresa Peters, 12 Jun 1883, Detroit, Wayne, Michigan, United States; died 1949.

vi. Jean Leduc was born in Oct 1860 in Ontario, Canada. He was also known as Johnny Leduc. 1861 Census Married 1903 St Anne, Detroit, Wayne, Michigan, United States.

vii. Elizabeth Leduc, born Sep 1862; married John Perry.

viii. Francis Leduc, born Jan 1864; married Delia Leyruin, 17 May 1887, Sandwich, Essex, Ontario, Canada.

Military Monday- Jean Baptiste Massicot

Today is the 200th anniversary of the Declaration of war by the United States against the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, better known as the War of 1812.  My third great grandfather, Jean Baptiste Massicot, was part of this war. Below is a statement of his service.   

Jean Baptiste was born in Sainte-Geneviève-de-Batiscan,  Québec, Canada on 19 Oct 1782.  Records indicate that he was the only of 8 siblings to leave Quebec and come to the United States.  See http://www.wvi.com/~mactosh/mex_gen.html, a family tree of the webmaster of Les Massicotte d’Amerique inc. for more details about the Massicot family.

Israel Jacob Leduc / Aurelia Massicot

This is the vital facts on the 2nd generation of the Leduc family that I am tracing.  I have talked to some cousins over the years that link up to this generation and would love to reconnect again.  So if this information is familiar to you please leave a comment. 

Second Generation (Parents of Eugene LaDuke)

2. Israel Jacob Leduc

Born on 21 Oct 1854 in Sandwich, Essex, Ontario, Canada.
Birthday may be 20 Oct 1854.

Died on 11 Jun 1942 in Ecorse, Wayne, Michigan, United States.

Buried in Jun 1942 at Saint Francis Xavier Cemetery in Ecorse, Wayne, Michigan, United States.

Also buried at same plot is his wife Aurelia, and daughter Anna.

Alt Name: On headstone is Jacob Leduc.

Father Michel Leduc (1823-1882).
Mother Marguerite Nantais (1827-1908).

Interesting note: There is another Israel Leduc who was born about 1855 in Ontario and lived in the Metro Detroit Area. I had confused some Census reports until I looked at details closer.

Married on 6 Sep 1881 at Saint Anne in Detroit, Wayne, Michigan, United States.

3. Aurelia Massicot

Born on 27 Oct 1855 (1854 on headstone) at Saint Charles in Newport, Monroe, Michigan, United States.

1870 Census showed her residence as Berlin, Monroe, Michigan, United States.

Died on 5 Apr 1936 in Ecorse, Wayne, Michigan, United States.

Alt name: Aureline or Aurilia Francisca.

Alt surnames : Messicote, Messicotte, Mexicotte, or Maxicot.

Father Jean Baptiste Massicot (1816-1893).
Mother Aurelia Gervais (1831-1874).

Israel Jacob Leduc and Aurelia Massicot had the following children:

i. Anna Leduc was born 11 Jun 1884 (1882 on headstone). She died in 1937.

ii. Beatrice Leduc was born 15 Dec 1885. She died in 1967.

iii. Jean Leduc was born 6 Dec 1886 or 1888. Death date is unknown.
1 iv. Eugene C. LaDuke, born 18 Apr 1890, Detroit, Wayne, Michigan, United States; died 15 Feb 1940, Detroit, Wayne, Michigan, United States. See previous post for details.

Eugene C. LaDuke

I have been tracking my family history off and on for more than 15 years now.

Ancestor #1, the starting point for my research, is my Grandfather Eugene C. LaDuke (Leduc).

 Born : 18 Apr 1890 in Detroit, Wayne, Michigan, United States.

The year of birth has been reported as 1888 (20 years old according to marriage record in 1908), 1889 on his WWI Draft Registration Record, 1890 on his Baptism Records, and 1892 on his funeral card.

 Baptized:  27 Apr 1890 at Saint Joachim in Detroit, Wayne, Michigan, United States. (Roman Catholic)

 Marriage #1  1 Aug 1908 in Windsor, Essex, Ontario, Canada.

Children:  2 daughters.

 Marriage #2  2 May 1928 in Detroit, Wayne, Michigan, United States.

Children: 4 sons.

 Occupation:  Mechanic, Machinist, Tool Grinder (Ford Motor Company, Highland Park), and a Salesman in a Candy Store.

 Died: 15 Feb 1940 at the age of 49 in Detroit, Wayne, Michigan, United States.The casue of death was a heart attack.

Buried: 17 Feb 1940 at Mt. Olivet Cemetery, Section 51, Tier 56, Space 781, Detroit, Wayne, Michigan, United States.

His Funeral held at John J. Piorkowski Funeral Home, 3373 Trombley, Detroit, Wayne, Michigan, United States.

He was also known as Jean and Gene LaDuke and his baptism record shows his name as Clarentins Eugene Leduc.

 Eugene was the first generation of this Leduc line born in the United States, The youngest of the 4 children of Israel Jacob Leduc and Aurelia Massicot.  He spent his entire life living in the city of Detroit, Michigan.

 Because he died so young, his life was a mystery to my family.  My research over the years has shown some interesting history in his ancestors, which is 100% French Canadian.  This blog will tell the tale of his ancestors, with the hope of connecting to distant cousins, and helping others out.